First image as of 2005, second after fists styling in summer 2008. Four years later the wire went off totally. Many folks find it hard to believe that i keep wire on a tree for four years. Well, on European spruce that's pretty much the norm. And then this is only after first wiring. Sooner or later it will be wired again. A spruce is really show worthy after the third wire goes off. This will be more than 15 years after fist styling. I often envy tropical bonsai growers. They can do in four years what here is only possible in 15 to 20 years. Next spring I might have the final pot ready and the tree will be repotted.